Lanark i New Lanark
Little, neat LANARK is an old and respectable town, It is spread over the purple hills high above the Clyde River. Its roofs and spiers are perfectly visible for miles around. The only major attraction in the city is the oldest bell in the world, cast in 1130 r., which can be admired in the Georgian-style church of St.. Nicholas. Most tourists stay here only passing through on the way to NEW LANARK (codz. 11.00-17.00; 2,95 £), located a kilometer and a half below the city, where is Braxfield Rd.
Although New Lanark can be conveniently reached by bus from the train station (every hour), it is worth taking a walk down the steep slope. The first sight of the estate hidden at the bottom of the gorge is unforgettable. Our eyes see round walls of neat houses and warehouses, built in the Palladian style along the bank of the swift river. The workers' settlement was founded in 1785 r. by David Dale and Richard Arkwright. Their dream was, to harness the powerful force of water falling in cascades downstream of the Clyde to work in cotton spinning mills. But it was only Dale's son-in-law, Robert Owen, turned out to be a real innovator in solving social problems, that the technical experiment brought with it. Having taken over the enterprise, founded in 1798 r. "Settlement in a spirit of unity", based on belief, that the condition of economic success is the well-being of employees. Owen created educational institutions for workers, the world's first day nursery and playground, as well as schools with compulsory dance and music lessons, which did not have a system of penalties and rewards.
The Classicist building in the heart of the village was opened by Owen in 1816 r. under the utopian name of the Institute of Character Development (The Insitutute for the Formation of Character). It has become the center of community life, housing the library, a chapel and a dance hall. Currently, a film about New Lanark and its founders is shown as an introduction in the great hall. Out of the three old and great factory buildings, made available to visitors, one houses the Annie McLeod Experience – an interesting exhibition showing the image of life in the settlement as seen through the eyes of a young worker, Annie McLeod. The tour includes a chairlift journey, which is decorated with special effects in the form of an aromatic mist that scatters light rays, holograms and lasers. The entire spectacle continues 10 minutes and presents real, by no means embellished, scenes from the life of workers. Other exhibitions in factory halls show, among others. giant turnstiles used in spinning mills and children's games from those times.
The estate itself is equally fascinating – building everything, from the store, run by the community, all the way to cottages and workers' workshops, guided the thought, that industrialization can go hand in hand with aesthetics. The other attractions of New Lanark include the Car Collection (Classic Car Collections; codz. 11.00-17.00; 1,95£), containing vehicles from the last hundred years. You can also find transport topics in the Kingdom of Railways (Railway Kingdom; pn.-pt. 11.00-17.00; 1,50 £), which has in its collection the largest electric railway in Scotland for fun with track lengths 400 m. You will learn a lot about the history and nature of the area, visiting the Scottish Wildlife Trust Information Center (Scottish Wildlife Trust Visitor Centre; IV-IX pn.-pt. 11.00-17.00, sb. i nd. 13.00-17.00; X-XII and II-III tylko sb. i nd. 13.00-17.00; And no.), arranged in a former dye-house. You can find out about the hiking trails in the valley from friendly foresters; the longest of them forms a loop of length 13 km. After passing the information center, the path continues along the Clyde, past small cascades of green water, where the New Lanark factory design was first implemented. The river flow then takes you past the Bonnington Hydroelectric Power Station to the main waterfalls on the Clyde. Cora Linn's foaming waters fall from over 27 m, overcoming three thresholds. It is a great destination for the Clyde Trail (Clyde Walkway), that accompanies the river from Glasgow Green to this forest situated in the valley.
Lanark is the final stop on the train route from Glasgow Central Station. Tourist information office (I-poł.IV pn.-pt. 9.00-17.00; half of IV-X Mon-Fri. 9.00-17.00, sb. 10.00-17.00, nd. 12.00-17.00; XI and XII pn.-pt. 9.00-17.00, sb. 10.00-17.00; tel. 01555/ 661661) it is located in a circular building on Horsemarket next to Somerfield, not all 100 m to the west of the station. You can find accommodation at both the Cartland Bridge Hotel, beautifully situated in the woods on the edge of the city just off the A73 road to Glasgow (tel. 01555/664426), as well as in one of the neglected pubs in the center, e.g.. Royal Oak in front of the train station on the 39 Bannatyne St (tel. 01555/665895). B&B to np. Mrs Gray's at 49 West Port, on the extension of High St (tel. 01555/663663), and Mrs Gair's at 10 Park Place (tel. 01555/664403). New youth hostel (tel. 01555/ 666710; kat. 1) it is beautifully situated among the reconstructed buildings of New Lanark itself. Accommodation in a hostel allows you to contemplate the charm of the area in solitude, because the settlement is already closed by Fr. 17.00. You can cook and wash yourself, sometimes musical evenings are organized here. On High Street you will find many cheap cafes and take-away venues. The Cross Cafe to popularna, an old fashioned Italian cafe with a nice mood. A couple of the more expensive Italian and Indian restaurants are on Wellgate. The high standard of the Clydesdale Hotel at 15 Bloomgate is also visible in the hotel's basement bar, where you can order food to 21.00. The mood is much less pretentious at the Crown Tavern on Hope Street, a quiet haven for all thirsty and hungry people. Other nice local pubs include Horse and Jockey on High Street and Wallace Cave on Bloomgate. Young people like to flock to the Woodpecker Inn, an inn tucked away behind the High Street in a small Wide Close alley.